In China, democracy is only in politburo: WikiLeaks

Sunday, December 19, 2010

BERLIN - In an authoritarian one-party rule, the Chinese government finds democracy in its politburo, the highest decision-making body, where issues are resolved through consensus rather than decrees, US diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks suggest.

According to US diplomatic sources in Beijing, “true democracy” prevails in the politburo, within that little-known group of top party bosses consisting of 24 men and one woman, German magazine Der Spiegel reported.

No one outside China’s ruling cadre knows who at the top of China’s power structure decides what and why. No one knows who thinks what, who is allied with whom and who really has influence. Public debates are rare.

But by talking to leading functionaries, experts from the US embassy in Beijing managed to get a glimpse inside of China’s inner circle, the report said.

The US embassy dispatches reveal that hardly any decisions, no matter how sensitive they might be, are decreed by head of state Hu Jintao or head of government Wen Jiabao.

Decisions instead tend to be taken collectively by top Communist party functionaries. When vital policy issues, such as relations with Taiwan or North Korea, are concerned, all 25 politburo members are involved. Lesser issues are resolved by the nine-member standing committee.

The committee does not decide by vote, according to the US cables, instead, issues are weighed up and discussed for as long as it takes to arrive at a consensus.

In the decision making process, Hu Jintao’s “views carry the greatest weight,” US diplomats quote a source with access to the inner power circle as saying. “It is a consensus system,” the source said, “in which members can exercise veto power.”

The system, Der Speigel says, ensures that none of the Communist party functionaries becomes too powerful.

But on Tibet and Dalai Lama, US diplomats have been told, rule of consensus does not apply.

On that subject, China’s president and Communist party head Hu Jintao “is firmly in charge.”

In his view, the Dalai Lama is a traitor and a separatist. Rebels are to be severely punished or re-educated — a view that Hu himself applied during his time as Communist party chief in Tibet from 1988 to 1992. Those who would prefer a milder approach risk their careers, US diplomats have been told.

On other issues, however, informants told American diplomats that Chinese leaders were often left to pursue their own interests.

Politburo member Zhou Yongkang, who heads up Chinese security services, is said to be closely linked with the state oil industry.

Jia Qinglin, in slot four of the Chinese leadership hierarchy, allegedly maintains close contacts with Peking’s construction industry.

Hu Jintao’s son-in-law was the boss of the big internet firm One source claimed that Wen Jiabao’s wife controlled the precious gems industry.

In addition, many of the 25 Politburo members are thought to maintain “close ties” to real estate magnates, many of whom are likewise party functionaries.

Posts within the Chinese Communist party, US diplomats believe, sometimes go to the highest bidder.

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